CBD stands for Cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients in Cannabis and is an essential part of Medicinal Marijuana therapy.
How is Cannabidiol different then Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)?
Unlike THC, CBD is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid compound. While CBD is a component of the marijuana plant, by itself it does not cause a “high”. According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD” (1).
Cannabidiol Medicinal Benefits
CBD has enormous therapeutic potential. It has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, appetite stimulant, antipsychotic, antitumoral, immunosuppressive, anti-diabetic, anti-psoriatic, anti-ischemic, antibacterial, antiproliferative, bone stimulant and neuroprotective properties. Due to its wide therapeutic window, it is effective in treating a variety of conditions. Currently, there is an FDA approved medicine in the US that is pure CBD known as Epidiolex. It has been effective in treating patients with epilepsy (2).
Is Cannabidiol safe?
CBD is a non-toxic, non-euphoric substance that doesn’t make people feel high. Side effects of CBD are minimal when compared to similar class medications. Potential side effects include dry mouth, nausea and light-headedness. There is no withdrawal period, so stopping CBD at any time is safe to do if the side effects are not tolerated.
The bottom line
CBD may be a safe option when treating anxiety, bipolar disorder, insomnia, inflammatory pain, epilepsy, autism to name a few. Currently, there is a lot of interest in this space and high-quality evidence-based research is being conducted to further understand its place in treating a wide variety of conditions and ailments.
References 1. https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/5.2_CBD.pdf 2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396837/
1. CBD as a potential treatment for Anxiety https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326553/
2. CBD as a potential treatment for psychosis: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24309088
3. CBD as a potential treatment for epilepsy: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5688214/
4. CBD’s Anti-inflammatory properties: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29632236