CBD oil products aren’t all the same. They are categorised into different types according to use, content, manufacturing style, and so on. For today’s topic, we’ll help you to avoid feeling overwhelmed with the different categories of CBD available.

Our first task of the day is to help you get familiarised with the frequently used CBD oil terms and jargon. That way, you’ll have a smooth transition into fully understanding what each type of CBD product entails.

CBD oil terms you need to know:

CBD concentrates

CBD or cannabidiol is a compound extracted from the cannabis plant. In chemistry, concentration means the amount of a substance in a solution. In this case, the substance in a solution is CBD. Together, CBD and concentration form the term “CBD concentrates.”

Although CBD concentrates usually uses an oil solution, they can still come in several forms such as:

  • Wax
  • Shatter
  • Distillate
  • Crystals and isolate
  • Crumble

 

Raw CBD oil

Raw CBD oil is processed without the use of solvents or heat. CBD is extracted from the plant via a CO2 extraction process, which some say is a cleaner version of the solvent or heat extraction process [1].

 

In Raw CBD oil, CBD is not the only compound extracted. Phytocompounds like the other minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids stay intact during the extraction process. Therefore, the resulting solution is a mix of all the cannabis plant’s helpful compounds.

 

PCR CBD oil

PCR stands for “phytocannabinoid rich.” To deconstruct the term, “Phyto” means plant, while “cannabinoid” is a class of compounds produced primarily by cannabis. Finally, rich simply means abundant.

The terms “PCR CBD oil” simply means that the oil mixture does not only contain one cannabinoid (such as CBD), but it contains an array of varying cannabinoids [2]. Given the nature of their meaning, PCR CBD oil might also be interchangeably used in a sentence with “Full Spectrum CBD.”

Three main types of CBD products

The difference between each type of CBD product is the chemical compound content present. This variety in CBD products was made to cater to every unique needs and legality in use by each consumer. For example, some would want their CBD oil to be devoid of THC or not.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate is the pure form of CBD oil because CBD is, absolutely, the only cannabinoid mixed in a carrier oil solution [3]. Aside from oil form, some companies also offer CBD isolates in crystal or powder forms.

 

CBD isolate has no THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) to it, the latter being a psychoactive cannabinoid. However, the only downside with a CBD isolate is you don’t get to experience the therapeutic benefits the other phytocompounds offer.

 

Full Spectrum CBD

Full Spectrum CBD contains not only CBD but all the other phytocompounds that are naturally occurring in the cannabis plant, including THC. The THC level, though, might vary according to the laws set in a particular country.

 

The main benefit of a Full Spectrum CBD is that the consumer will get all the benefits a cannabis plant has to offer. In a 2005 study concerning CBD oil, they found out that a full-plant extract has greater medicinal values compared to only “CBD [4].”

 

Broad Spectrum CBD

Broad Spectrum CBD contains all the phytocompounds present in the cannabis plant except THC [5]. This option was created to cater to places where CBD and other cannabis compounds are allowed, but THC is illegal in any amount. Even without THC, consumers would still get the full effects of the phytocompounds.

 

We hope you now have a good understanding of why there are different types of CBD products and why a patient may be prescribed one product over another.

 

Disclaimer: This is not an inducement to use Medicinal Cannabis. Medical Cannabis doesn’t work for everyone, and it may not work for you. How Cannabis affects a person depends on many things, including their size, weight, age and health, dosage and tolerance, and the results can vary. Some people may experience side effects when taking Cannabinoid medication. The information provided by CDA Clinics is for educational and informational purposes only. For medical advice, please check with your doctor and request a referral.

 

Endnotes:

 

  1. Premium Jane. 2019. Your Concise Guide to CO2 Extraction: What It Is and Why You Need It. Available at: https://premiumjane.com/blog/what-is-co2-extraction-and-how-does-it-work/

 

  1. Learning CBD. 2020. What is PCR Hemp Oil? Differences Between PCR Hemp Oil and CBD Oil. Available at: https://learningcbdoil.com/blog/what-is-pcr-hemp-oil

 

  1. Jones, I. N.D. Full-spectrum cannabis extracts VS CBD isolate. Available at: https://www.fundacion-canna.es/en/full-spectrum-cannabis-extracts-vs-cbd-isolate

 

  1. Gallily, R. et al. 2015. Overcoming the Bell‐Shaped Dose‐Response of Cannabidiol by Using Cannabis Extract Enriched in Cannabidiol. Available at: https://file.scirp.org/pdf/PP_2015021016351567.pdf

 

  1. Hudock, C. 2020. Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolate: Meanings and Differences. Available at: https://newfrontierdata.com/cannabis-insights/full-spectrum-broad-spectrum-and-isolate-meanings-and-differences/